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27 Aug, 2022 (Sat)

Tarlay





Steven Paul Jobs

(February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur. industrial designer businessman A media owner and investor. He is the co-founder of Apple; He was the chairman and CEO. chairman and majority shareholder of Pixar; a member of the board of directors of the Walt Disney Company after the acquisition of Pixar; and founder of NeXT; Chairman and CEO. He is widely recognized as a pioneer of the personal computing revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, along with his early business partner, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak.

Jobs was born in San Francisco to a Syrian father and a German-American mother. He was adopted shortly after birth. Jobs attended Reed College in 1972 and dropped out the same year. In 1974, he traveled across India to seek enlightenment and study Zen Buddhism. He and Wozniak co-founded Apple in 1976, selling Wozniak's Apple I personal computer. A year later, the duo achieved fame and fortune by producing and selling one of the first successful mass-produced microcomputers, the Apple II. Jobs saw the commercial potential of the Xerox Alto in 1979, which was mouse-driven and featured a graphical user interface (GUI). This led to the development of the unsuccessful Apple Lisa in 1983, followed by the success of the Macintosh in 1984, the first mass-produced computer with a GUI. The Macintosh introduced the desktop publishing industry in 1985 with the addition of the Apple LaserWriter, the first laser printer with vector graphics.

In 1985, Jobs was fired from Apple after a long battle with the company's board and its former CEO, John Sculley. That same year, Jobs took a few Apple employees with him to found NeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in computers for the higher education and business markets. He also helped develop the visual effects industry when he funded George Lucas' Lucasfilm's computer graphics division in 1986. The new company was Pixar, which produced and continued the first 3D computer-animated film, Toy Story (1995). It became a major animation studio and produced 25 films.

In 1997, Jobs returned to Apple as CEO after the company purchased NeXT. He was largely responsible for reviving Apple from the brink of bankruptcy. Starting with the "Think different" advertising campaign, the Apple Store, App Store iMac iPad iPod iPhone iTunes and Apple Store; App Store iMac iPad iPod iPhone I worked closely with English designer Jony Ive to develop products that had a huge cultural impact with iTunes. iTunes Store. In 2001, The original Mac OS was replaced by the all-new Mac OS X (now macOS) based on NeXT's NeXTSTEP platform, giving the operating system a modern Unix foundation for the first time. In 2003, Jobs was diagnosed with a pancreatic tumor. He died on October 5, 2011, at the age of 56, of respiratory obstruction related to a cancerous tumor.

Background

Family Steven Paul Jobs was born on February 24, 1955 in San Francisco, California to Joanne Carole Schieble and Abdulfattah Jandali (Arabic: عبد الفتاح الجندلي). His cousin, Bassma Al Jandaly, insisted that his birth name was Abdul Lateef Jandali. He was adopted by Clara (née Hagopian) and Paul Reinhold Jobs. Abdulfattah "John" Jandali of Syria; Born and raised in an Arab Muslim home in Homs. As an undergraduate student at the American University of Beirut in Lebanon; He was a student activist and was imprisoned for his political activities. He was pursuing a PhD at the University of Wisconsin, where he met Joanne Schieble, an American Catholic of German and Swiss descent. Both are the same age; Jandali is a doctoral candidate and a teaching assistant for the course Schieble is teaching. Novelist Mona Simpson, Jobs' half-sister, noted that Schieble's Catholic parents were unhappy that their daughter was with a Muslim. According to Jobs biographer Walter Isaacson, Schieble's dead father "threatened to disown Abdulfattah if she married him"[6] so they remained an unmarried couple. Paul Jobs was a Coast Guard mechanic. After leaving the Coast Guard, he married Armenian-American Clara Hagopian in 1946. An ectopic pregnancy led her to consider adoption in 1955.[8][9][10] Hagopian's parents were survivors of the Armenian Genocide. Schieble became pregnant with Jobs in 1954, when she and Jandali were spending the summer with his family in Homs. According to Jandali, Schieble "without telling me, Joanne left to move to San Francisco to have the baby without anyone knowing, including me." In Francisco on February 24, 1955, he chose an adoptive couple for him who were "Catholic, educated, and wealthy".[14][15] However, the couple later changed their minds. Then placed with Paul and Clara Jobs, who lacked wealth and a college education, Schieble refused to sign the adoption papers. She asked the court to find a different family,[14] but agreed when Paul and Clara promised to fund her college education. As a child, his parents took him to a Lutheran church. When he was in high school, Clara admitted to his girlfriend, Chrisann Brennan, that "for the first six months of his life, I was so afraid to love [Steve]...I was afraid he was going to take it from me." After winning our case, Steve was a very difficult child and when he turned two we felt we had made a mistake. When Chrisann shared this comment with Steve, he said he already knew. [14] Paul and Clara later stated that they deeply loved and admired him. After many years, Jobs' wife, Laurene, said: "He felt truly blessed to have them as parents." adoptive parents,” and he identified them as “1000 percent” his parents. Jobs said to his biological parents, "I refer to my sperm and egg bank. It's not violent, it's a sperm bank, nothing more."


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